Designing in small increments, even when building in big chunks is not easy, but these ideas help: Subdivide First, Design Streets, Make Places, Design Boundaries. They can also guide the design of many different projects in Georgia: shopping malls, hospitals, university campuses and much more.
Until about 50 years ago, building towns and cities in Georgia and across America followed a common pattern. Most everyone agreed, even if tacitly, how a city was built and how it appeared. A clear and orderly framework of lots and blocks and streets came first. This framework was filled in, incrementally, either quickly or gradually, with many different buildings, activities and people. General James Oglethorpe’s Savannah is a great example, but the downtowns in Georgia were built the same way.
Now, we often build towns and cities by building “projects,” as Jane Jacobs would call them: ballparks, big box stores, hospitals, justice centers and even schools. A challenge to architects is how to design these big projects in small increments.
Sport stadiums are good examples to learn from. Take Turner Field, home of the Atlanta Braves. It has the four characteristics of most big projects:
Single purpose – only about baseball and game day activities.
Inwardly focused – turns its back to the adjacent neighborhood; everything happens on the inside.
Barriers and buffers – separated from, not joined to the adjacent neighborhood.
Isolated – surrounded by surface parking lots with more than 3000 spaces.
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So what is Red Bike? It’s a bike sharing program and they can be found at one of the 30 or so stations in downtown, Over-The-Rhine and uptown Cincinnati.
The program has been successful in other cities as a way for people to make short, point-to-point trips without using their car and searching for a place to park.
The bikes are meant to be shared not rented so people can use them for 60 minutes at a time before they have to dock them at another station. That’s so they will be available for other riders. If people use them for more than an hour at a time, there is a $4 fee for every half hour.
There’s an app people can download to their phone that lets them know where bikes are currently available. If a person doesn’t bring the bike back, there will be a $1200 fee on their credit card.
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In most accidents between a car and a bike, drivers tend to say the same thing: “They just didn’t see the cyclist until it was too late.”
A new app aims to help by automatically warning drivers several seconds before a bike is visible. Using the ubiquity of smartphones, the app creates a vehicle-to-vehicle communication network between cars, bicycles, and motorcycles on the road.
The designers also plan to work with car insurance companies to integrate the technology into their own apps, and ultimately hopes to build it into cars–either through technology like Apple’s new CarPlay, or by working directly with manufacturers. They also hope to integrate the function into navigation apps like Waze and Google Maps, so drivers will have it without downloading anything new.
You can read the full story at CoExist.